At the time of the killings in February tens of millions of Chinese were under complete lockdown at home as the country grappled with a worsening coronavirus outbreak.
“During a grade-one major public health emergency response in Yunnan province, Ma Jianguo refused to abide by epidemic prevention and control policies, as well as traffic control measures,” a ruling on the court’s website said.
Since the coronavirus epidemic erupted late last year in the central city of Wuhan, China has charged hundreds of people with offenses related to the crisis.
They include spreading “rumors” about the contagion, concealing an infection, and not complying with epidemic prevention guidelines.
Ma’s execution is believed to be the first carried out for an epidemic-related offence.
In Beijing alone, 113 people have been charged with epidemic-related crimes since a fresh outbreak emerged in early June, officials said this week.
Chinese authorities have used the vague “rumor-mongering” charge to silence whistle-blowers, including Wuhan doctor Li Wenliang, who alerted colleagues to the virus in late December but was reprimanded by local authorities along with seven others.
Li later died of the disease.