Full Video Surveillance
“Students… may not contact the outside world apart from during prescribed activities,” the memo reads, adding that staff should “strictly manage students requesting time off.”
If indeed the so-called students “really need to leave the training centre due to illness or other special circumstances, they must have someone specially accompany, monitor and control them.”
The memo says inmates should be judged based on a points system that measures “ideological transformation, study and training, and compliance with discipline.”
“There must be full video surveillance coverage of dormitories and classrooms free of blind spots, ensuring that guards on duty can monitor in real time, record things in detail, and report suspicious circumstances immediately,” it adds.
ICIJ’s documents also bolstered existing reports on the “Integrated Joint Operation Platform” (IJOP), a surveillance app previously reported on by Human Rights Watch.
According to a leaked bulletin from June 2017, more than 15,000 people in Xinjiang were sent to “education and training” because of IJOP, while around 2,000 were placed under “preventative surveillance.”
Even Xinjiang residents outside the country were subject to surveillance, the documents showed.
According to another bulletin from June 2017, the Chinese government recorded 1,535 individuals from Xinjiang with foreign nationality who had applied for Chinese visas.
Those “for whom suspected terrorism cannot be ruled out” and had cancelled their Chinese citizenship were to be deported, while those who had not were “first be placed into concentrated education and training”, it said.
According to the memo, “students” must stay in detention for at least one year, though that rule was not always enforced, former inmates told ICIJ.