Bong’s historic win comes a year after the 100th anniversary of South Korean cinema in 2019.
The country boasts the fifth-biggest film industry in the world, and has become increasingly prominent on the festival circuit in recent years and decades.
In 2004, Park Chan-wook’s action thriller “Oldboy” took the Grand Prix at Cannes, and director Kim Ki-duk’s 2012 drama “Pieta” — a violent tale of a loanshark — won the Golden Lion at Venice.
South Korean directors have also made inroads into Hollywood, with Park’s 2013 psychological thriller Stoker starring Nicole Kidman and Mia Wasikowska, and Bong himself making his English-language film debut the same year with sci-fi action “Snowpiercer”, featuring Tilda Swinton and Ed Harris.
Unlike its neighbor China, where movies and other creative content are regularly censored, the South has enjoyed diplomatic soft power by virtue of its cultural exports in multiple fields, with K-pop and boyband BTS high-profile examples.
Korean cinema underwent a renaissance in the 1990s with the advent of democracy after decades of military rule.
In 2007 the country’s left-leaning former president Kim Dae-jung told government officials: “Provide financial support for artists, but never interfere with what they do. Once government intervenes, the creative industry will go broke.”
Nonetheless, thousands of artists, including directors Bong and Park, were later secretly blacklisted by the conservative administration of Park Geun-hye, who was brought down by street protests over corruption and abuse of power.
Bong’s Oscar win is “a significant opportunity for the Korean film industry to showcase its wealth of talent that has been flourishing for decades,” said Jason Bechervaise, a professor at Korea Soongsil Cyber University.
“It has problems like any industry but I suspect its neighbors in the region will be rather envious.”
Using a medium banned in its own country, the global arm of Chinese state broadcaster CCTV tweeted plaintively on Tuesday: “The #Oscars are over – Time to explore the best in Chinese film”.