Unlike authoritarian China, which only permits heavily censored state media and routinely harasses foreign reporters, democratic Taiwan has a rambunctious free press — although mainland reporters work under heavier restrictions than other journalists.
Some outlets are vocally pro-Beijing, others deeply critical.
Beijing views Taiwan as its own territory and has vowed to one day seize it, by force if necessary.
Tensions between the sides have grown since Tsai came to power in 2016, as she has refused to acknowledge Beijing’s idea that the self-ruled democratic island is part of “one China”.
Tsai, who views Taiwan as de facto independent, won a landslide reelection in January in what was seen as a strong rebuke to Beijing’s campaign to isolate the island.
Beijing has ramped up diplomatic and economic pressure on Taiwan as well as increasing military drills near the island, including its military jets breaching Taiwan’s air defence zone with unprecedented frequency in recent weeks.