Its centralized epidemic control center was activated before China had even locked down the city of Wuhan, where the virus began.
Despite being so close to the original outbreak in mainland China, Taiwan has reported just 195 confirmed cases, including two deaths.
A recent spike, however, has come form people returning from overseas as the pandemic spreads.
Taiwan has now banned entry to foreigners and ordered all nationals returning to self-quarantine for two weeks.
Those in quarantine are monitored via GPS on phones and messaging systems, with police alerted to those who leave their apartments.
Earlier this month Taipei city government announced the first maximum fine for a man who flew from mainland China, refused to quarantine, took a high-speed train and then tried to catch a plane off the island.
The $Tw1 million fine can be doubled for anyone who takes public transport.