Country Profile: All about Cambodia
Angkor Wat – Cambodia | Roberto Trombetta
Cambodia is one of the top destinations in the world today. But before you book a flight to this paradise, make sure to know a thing or two about its history and culture.
Cambodia truly has its own magic. This wonderful kingdom filled with countless inimitable attractions captivates
If you’re wondering when is the best time to visit Cambodia, the answer is now. With its peaceful forests and colossal temples, this incredible country attracts millions of tourists annually. However, before you set foot on the Kingdom of Wonders, it is vital to know about its history, culture, and religion.
The tropical paradise of Cambodia is located above the equator. It has a land area of 181,035 square
It’s capital, Phnom Penh is the
History of Cambodia
The history of Cambodia is one of the most vibrant in the world. During the 1st century AD, traders from China have
Written sources from Chinese describe kingdoms thriving in the southern part of the country which was referred to as Funan. Its leaders even gave gifts to Chinese emperors for over three centuries.
These kingdoms might have formed been due to the influence of India, who pioneered architectural styles, art, alphabets, and Hinduism and Buddhism. Archaeological remains of what might be the capital of the kingdom have been found in Phumi Phnum Angkor Borei in the 1990s.
If you’re familiar with Cambodia, you have probably heard about the Khmer State. Jayavarman II, a Cambodian Prince who declared that he descended from the rulers of Funan returned to Cambodia from abroad and started it all.
Jayavarman II started a cult which
The biggest accomplishment of the leader is the Kambuja-
After Jayavarman II’s death, another king, Indravarman I created a huge reservoir and a number of temples in Tonle Sap, which included the Bakong, a pyramid-shaped structure known as the first Cambodian temple to be built using stone. This became the model of countless temples in Angkor which served as tombs and a symbol of greatness.
One of the most remarkable Khmer buildings is the Angkor Wat, built by Suyavarman II. The Khmer kingdom included Cambodia, and parts of Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam.
The Khmer empire fell sometime during the 13th and 14th century and many historians attributed this to Thai kingdoms and Theravada Buddhism. In the 16th century, Cambodia suffered tremendously as its kingdoms fought with each other. Although Cambodian history was poorly documented during the fall of Angkor, the country still preserved its language and culture.
In the 18th century, Cambodia once again suffered due to a civil war. By the 19th century, France has taken power over the area and ruled Cambodia for almost a century. Although they did not pay much attention to education, they built facilities, public roads, and rubber plantations.
Soon after World War II, Norodom Sihanouk was crowned as king. France also allowed the country to draft its own constitution and to form political parties. Sinahouk then attained the country’s independence in 1953 following the First Indochina War.
Rule of Pol Pot
In 1979, the rule of Pol Pot, a Communist guerrilla commander turned Cambodia into a nightmare. During his time, an estimated number of more than 1.7 million to 2 million people were killed. In fact, human bones and skulls can still be found in what once was a prison and torture area during his time.
With over 10 million people, Cambodia has maintained its culture intact. Around 90% to 95% of its people are Khmer. Some are Chinese-Khmers, Khmer-Islam, or have a mix of Vietnamese. Approximately 10% of its population call Phnom Penh their home.
Notably the most known site in the country. Angkor Wat was built in the 12th century for a period of over 30 years. It was built to
At first glance, it might seem daunting to explore due to its vastness. However, you will have the time of your life as you stroll through every tower, chamber, porch, and courtyards that are linked by stairways.
Religion in Cambodia
Over 95% of people in Cambodia practice Theravada Buddhism, making it the most dominant religious affiliation. However, Christianity and Islam are still
Facts about Cambodia
Cambodia, together with Afghanistan, are the only countries in the world which feature a building on its flag. In Cambodia’s flag, you can find the Angkor Wat.
You may not know it yet, but Cambodia may be the best destination for food lovers. This country offers anything to
While the rest of the world light fireworks on the eve of January 1 to celebrate New year, Cambodia waits until mid-April. This is because it signals the end of the harvest season.
Cambodia is home to a large freshwater lake – the Tonle Sap. This lake gives life to nearly half of the country’s crop supplies and is a great source
King Norodom Sihamoni, the new of the country is a bachelor and has no children. This is why until now, there is no direct successor to be crowned as the next king of Cambodia. King Sihamoni was elected in 2004 by members of the country’s throne council. He is also a trained ballet dancer.
If you love McDonald’s, Cambodia is probably not the best place to go. This is because there has never been a McDonald’s store in the country ever. Don’t worry, there are still thousands of must-try restaurants to appease your hunger.
Although many people, especially, millennials, celebrate their birthday in Cambodia, it is not traditionally celebrated in its rural areas. There are even many people who don’t know the exact date of their birthday.
Visit Cambodia Now!
Without a doubt, there is so much more to Cambodia that the breathtaking Angkor Wat. With unspoiled natural wonders, rich wildlife, a booming culinary scene, and the friendliest locals you will ever meet, Cambodia has solidified its position a Southeast Asian paradise you should not dare to miss.