Japan Festival Drops ‘Comfort Women’ Film
The controversy comes after an art exhibition was forced to shut down for two months when it received threats for displaying a statue of a sex slave ©AFP
A local film festival in suburban Tokyo has come under fire for dropping a movie examining views on the highly controversial issue of sex slavery and Japan’s wartime military brothels.
Organisers of the film festival in Kawasaki City said they had opted to drop the film after local officials raised concerns.
The controversy comes after an exhibit in central Japan was shut down for months earlier this year over the display of a statue of a sex slave, and with relations between Japan and South Korea badly frayed over war-time issues.
“Shusenjo: The Main Battleground of The Comfort Women Issue” is a documentary examining the debate over so-called “comfort women,” who were forced to work in wartime Japanese military brothels during World War II.
Mainstream historians say up to 200,000 women — mostly from Korea, but also other parts of Asia including China — were forced to work in the brothels.
But some nationalists insist the women were prostitutes, claiming there is no documented evidence that the Japanese military was ordered to recruit women against their will.
The head of the festival organisers said he was “deeply ashamed of a decision that may result in pressure on freedom of expression” but cited concerns from local officials as well as worries about the “security” of volunteers staffing the festival.
Some of the people interviewed in the film, by Japanese-American director Miki Dezaki, have filed suit against him, claiming they were not aware the interviews would be used in a movie for public release.
Kawasaki City, which provided nearly half of the festival’s budget, reportedly expressed concerns about the lawsuit in its conversations with organisers.
Local officials however denied pressuring organisers to drop the film, with one telling AFP they merely questioned “whether showing such a film is appropriate.”
The film’s distributor said the decision was shocking and called the organiser’s explanations “insincere and irrational.”
“If this decision stands, it would create a bad precedent for a film festival created by citizens to succumb to pressure from authorities,” distributor Tofoo’s president Shigeki Kinoshita told AFP.
A second film firm said it would withdraw two of its films from the festival in protest, criticising organisers for “murdering freedom of expression.”
An exhibition in central Japan was in August shut down for two months after it received threats for displaying a South Korean statue of a wartime sex slave.
The central government pulled funding for the exhibition, which eventually reopened for the final few days of its run.
Bilateral relations between Japan and South Korea have frayed in recent month over a long-running dispute on the use of forced labour during World War II, with the two sides trading retaliatory measures.