Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6 the US B-29 bomber “Enola Gay” drops a 9,000-pound atomic bomb over Hiroshima at 8:15 am, killing 140,000 people by the end of December, according to a widely accepted toll. Truman tells Japanese leaders that if they do not surrender “they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this Earth”.
On August 8, the Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
On August 9, a second atomic bomb explodes over Nagasaki at 11:02 am, killing 74,000 people.
On August 15, Japanese Emperor Hirohito tells his nation it has lost the war. He remains on the throne during post-war reconstruction of the country.