“All citizens, especially officials… must not participate in illegal poaching, buying, selling, transporting… of illegal wildlife.”
Among the most frequently smuggled animal goods are tiger parts, rhino horn and pangolins used in traditional medicine.
Despite the high prices they command — with ingredients trafficked from as far as Africa — there is no scientific evidence of their health benefits in humans.
Vietnam locked down swiftly to dodge a major health crisis as COVID-19 emerged, but its economy has been hit hard.
The country will also “resolutely eliminate market and trading sites which trade wildlife illegally”, the edict said — warning of a crackdown on the poaching, trafficking, storing and advertising of animals, birds and reptiles.