Chinese Jurisdiction Over ‘Very Serious’ Crimes
Prior to its passage, the law stoked widespread fears over the demise of Hong Kong’s independent legal system.
According to the law, China may take over the entire prosecution from arrest to trial for: complicated foreign interference cases, “very serious” cases and cases where national security faces “serious and realistic threats”.
“Both the national security agency and Hong Kong can request to pass the case to mainland China,” the law stated.
In China’s opaque judicial system, criminal cases typically have a conviction rate of over 99 percent.
Human rights advocates claim that some national security cases are highly likely to be politically motivated, with defendants denied the right to a fair and open trial.
Activists, dissidents, lawyers and other opponents of the government are routinely targeted by China’s own national security laws, and often subjected to prolonged extralegal detention and even torture while awaiting trial.