Hakuho: The Mongolian Who Shattered Sumo’s Records

Sep 27, 2021 | Japan, NEWS, SPORTS

Sumo’s greatest-ever champion Hakuho has decided to retire over persistent knee trouble leaving a gaping hole at the top of the sport

Mongolia-born Hakuho’s retirement from sumo ends a career that saw him shatter just about every record in the storied Japanese sport, which gripped his imagination from childhood.

During his two decades on the dohyo — the ring where sumo wrestlers battle — the 36-year-old broke records for everything from number of grand tournaments won to victories in a single year.

He racked up 1,187 career wins, though one record did elude him: his 63 consecutive tournament victories are just short of the record 69 set in the 1930s.

Born Munkhbat Davaajargal, Hakuho was the son of a champion Mongolian wrestler who won his country’s first Olympic medal at the 1968 Games.

Grand Sumo Tournament

Hakuho prepares for a fight at the Grand Sumo Tournament in Nagoya

The young Hakuho’s father wanted his son to become a judoka, but his interests lay elsewhere.

As a youngster he devoured Japanese sumo magazines, dreaming of becoming like the powerful rikishi (sumo wrestlers) he saw in their pages.

Aged just 15, and weighing in at a paltry 62 kilograms, he arrived in Japan in 2000 to tread the path of his idols.

But he was turned away by most stables, known as heya. No one wanted someone “as pale and skinny as me,” he recalled in his autobiography published in 2015.

Just as he was on the verge of returning to Mongolia, he managed to persuade a trainer to take him on, and in March 2001 he entered the dohyo for the first time.

His trainer gave him the name “Hakuho”, the second character of which refers to a bird in Chinese mythology and was part of the name of legendary sumo wrestler Taiho, who dominated the sport in the 1960s.

Hakuho was plunged into the world of keiko, the daily morning training of sumo wrestlers. And, fortified by the traditional chanko stew of the sport, he gradually began to assume the form of a traditional wrestler.

He came to weigh in at 158 kgs, standing 1.92 meters tall, and was elevated in 2007 to sumo’s top rank of yokozuna.

Hakuho Wrestling

Hakuho’s father was a champion Mongolian wrestler who won his country’s first Olympic medal at the 1968 Games

Training the Next Generation

For years, he had a fierce rivalry with his fellow Mongolian yokozuna Asashoryu and the pair dominated the sport for around a decade.

Asashoryu’s retirement in 2010 left Hakuho alone at the pinnacle of sumo, and in January 2015 he won his 33rd tournament and claimed the record for most successful champion held previously by Taiho.

But his domination wasn’t to everyone’s taste, with some sumo fans and members of the sport’s governing body complaining about his bravado on the dohyo and triumphant gestures.

In late 2017, he was shouted at after he contested the result of a match — an almost unthinkable move in a sport where fighters are supposed to show no emotion, far less protest a decision.


Hakuho speaking during the awards ceremony of the Grand Sumo Tournament in Nagoya

“It’s clear that he has not understood anything about the spirit of Japanese sumo,” declared former sumo wrestler turned commentator Mainoumi at the time.

With little left to prove and having accumulated injuries, Hakuho was seen less in the dohyo in recent years, missing several tournaments and being chastised for doing so.

He was left alone in the yokozuna class after the retirement in March of Kakuryu, and appears to have timed his departure from the sport with the arrival of new blood.

In July, fellow Mongolian Terunofuji was elevated to yokozuna — “a new rival”, Hakuho declared.

The legendary wrestler’s future will involve training the next generation, and he took Japanese citizenship in 2019 — a requirement to run his own stable.

He is already involved in the scouting and training of new talent through the Hakuho Cup, a tournament founded in 2011 that brings together Japanese and foreign children to wrestle in front of the sport’s greats.

Several of the young wrestlers he has taken under his wing have already become rikishi at high levels and are expected to join Hakuho’s stable.